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№ 2022/2

War economy

BUBLYK Yevhen Oleksandrovych 1, BRUS Svitlana Ivanivna2, SHPANEL-YUKHTA Oleksii Ihorovych3

1State Institution “Institute for Economics and Forecasting, NAS of Ukraine“
2Institute for Economics and Forecasting, NAS of Ukraine
3State Institution "Institute for Economics and Forecasting, NAS of Ukraine"


Economy and forecasting 2022; 2:5-24https://doi.org/10.15407/econforecast2022.02.005


The article analyzes the structure of Ukraine’s external debt liabilities for the period from 2011 to 2021 and in the period since the beginning of the full-scale invasion. It is determined that the amount of state external liabilities, taking into account projected data, may exceed 70% of this country’s GDP, which will become the dominant form of both attracting financial resources to the state budget and threatening the state security.
The authors provide an assessment of the difficulties of restructuring the external debt in terms of the specific weight of the creditor and the weight of short-term payments for the period 2022-2023. It is concluded that at the beginning of 2022, the largest specific weight in the structure of external liabilities was the debt for issued securities for foreign markets and liabilities to international financial organizations and the EU. The main payments for them fall on the third quarters of 2022 and 2023 (3.0 and 3.6 billion USD, respectively), and the payment of interest accounts for 30% of total.
The article considers possible mechanisms of write-off and restructuring of the state's external debts, taking into account international experience and with regard to the crises and military conflicts. The following mechanisms for write-off and restructuring of foreign debt are analyzed: Brady Plan for debt restructuring of developing countries; and debt relief programs for the poorest countries - HIPC (heavily indebted poor countries) and MDRI (The Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative).
The authors identify the guidelines of work on minimizing Ukraine's external liabilities in 2022-2023. A conclusion is made regarding the initiation of negotiations on the restructuring and write-off of the external debt burden to ease the payments on external debts, including GDP warrants. Such a task should be carried out as soon as possible before the period of the largest payments and taking into account the existing support of the governments of leading foreign countries.

Keywords:public debt, government’s external debt liabilities, GDP-warrants, restructuring and write-off of external debt, external state loans

JEL: H63

Article in English (pp. 5 - 24) DownloadDownloads :39